Rooms 10 and 12 are full of our pre-kindergarten children who are turning 5. This age begins to be more socially focused and less interested in adult leadership. They become very independent in taking care of themselves and steering their learning. They choose the topics they want to study and are often working together in small groups on projects. There is always lots of conversation and talking over each other as they are very interested in what they have to say and share. They are proud of their skills. 5 year-olds are developing great senses of humor and enjoy jokes and silly stories. They are a delight to work with! Teachers guide, support, and usually hold on tight to the reins as these children are raring to experience the world on a much larger scale.
A snapshot of the room would show 3 tables of activities that could include activities like drawing and scribing stories, journaling, math manipulatives and free art. The big rug may have building blocks, K’Nex, Legos and 100-piece puzzles. Teachers read stories, use the iPads and MacBook Airs to answer the children’s challenging questions and graph their answers. The children love sharing their learning with their grown-ups at the end of the day often talking to them in a steady stream before even saying hello.
The routine of the day allows for busy and quiet times, snacks, lunch, rest, and outside time in the morning and afternoon. We have music, Spanish, book time, science visitors, and field trips to the Library and neighborhood! At the end of the day, children are happy, tired, ready for that family love and usually hungry! They have had a day full of adventure and fun and need a good night’s sleep before school starts again tomorrow!
Here are some developmental milestones that we use to assess growth and development in Room 10 and 12. Remember, each child is unique and develops at their own special rate. All children go through more or less the same stages; they do it in different ways. Some will learn one new skill very quickly and seem slower at another. Some will seem to stand still with one area of development while they are concentrating on something else.
What is important is not how your child compares with others or with a standard for her age, but that she is moving forward at her own pace and that she is well and happy. Providing a caring, encouraging environment with opportunities to explore and try things is the best way for parents to provide the best development opportunities for your children.
Adapted from From WebMD Your child is growing up. Have you noticed that your 5-year-old is becoming more independent and self-confident? If not, you will in the coming year. This is a big year of growth!
Most children this age begin to develop greater independence, self-control, and creativity. They are content to play with their toys for longer periods of time, are eager to try new things, and when they get frustrated, are better able to express their emotions verbally. Although children grow and develop at their own pace, your child will likely achieve most of the following developmental milestones before he or she turns 6 years old.
Language and Cognitive Milestones
Your curious and inquisitive child is better able to carry on a conversation. They can make 6-8 exchanges in conversation with you and others. In addition, your child’s vocabulary is growing — as is his or her thought process. Not only is your child able to answer simple questions easily and logically, but he or she should be able to express feelings more clearly and appropriately.
Most children at this age enjoy singing, rhyming, and making up words. They are energetic, silly, and, at times, rowdy and obnoxious. They are more and more socially focused and their friends and social times become very important to them.
Other language and cognitive milestones your child may achieve in the coming year include being able to:
- Speak clearly using more complex sentences
- Count ten or more objects one by one
- Correctly name at least six colors and six shapes
- Recognize most letters and write his or her name
- Have a greater attention span for chapter books and performances.
- Follow three-part commands. For example, “Put your book away, brush your teeth, and then get into bed.”
- Recognize familiar word signs, such as “STOP” “EXIT”, “STARBUCKS”
- Know his or her address and phone number, when taught
Movement Milestones and Hand and Finger Skills
Children learn through play and hands-on experience, and that is what your turning 5-year-old should be doing. At this age, your child should be running, hopping, throwing and kicking balls, climbing, and swinging with ease.
Other movement milestones and hand and finger skills your child may achieve in the coming year include being able to:
- Stand on one foot for more than 9 seconds
- Hop on 2 feet and on either foot
- Walk up and down stairs alternating feet without help
- Walk forward and backwards easily
- Copy a triangle, circle, square, and other shapes
- Draw a person with a body and body parts
- Stack 10 or more blocks
- Use a fork and spoon easily
- Dress and undress, brush teeth and take care of other personal needs without much help.
Emotional and Social Development
Your child is now figuring out that it is not always about him or her. At this age, children are starting to recognize and consider other people’s feelings. The turning 5-year-old should be able to work through conflicts and control his or her emotions more easily.
Emotional and social development milestones your child may achieve at this age include:
- Enjoys happily playing with other children and pleasing his or her friends.
- Shares and takes turns, at least most of the time, and understands rules of games.
- Understands and obeys rules; learn and remember routines and become more independent.
- Expresses emotions verbally, rather than physically (most of the time)